The Finality of the Higher Criticism, or The Theory of Evolution and False Theology by William Bell Riley

William Bell Riley began his ministry as pastor of the First Baptist Church in Minneapolis, Minnesota and served there for 45 years. Riley has been identified as the first fundamentalist leader to link "higher criticism" with the theory of evolution. In this book published in 1909, Riley argued that the liberal theology of higher criticism is a result of accepting the theory of evolution. Higher criticism is an inquiry into the genuineness of Bible teaching. Lower criticism, also called textual criticism, tries to determine what a text originally said before it was altered intentionally or by mistake. Lower criticism evaluates which Bible texts are most accurate. Higher criticism views the Bible as a text created by human beings with various motives at different periods of time. Lower criticism views the Bible as the inerrant word of God. The full text is available above.