Morris Hillquit

Morris Hillquit (1869 - 1933) was a founder and leader of the Socialist Party of America. He was also a successful labor lawyer in New York City. Although Clarence Darrow fully supported America's involvement in World War I he protested against the suppression of anti-war and socialist literature by the U.S. Postal Service. During World War I Postmaster General Albert Sidney Burleson strongly enforced the Espionage Act by ordering local postmasters to remove and send to him any illegal or suspicious material such as radical publications which included socialist material. Anti-war material was banned from delivery. In July 1917 Darrow, representing the Socialist Party, and several others including Frank P. Walsh, Morris Hillquit, Seymour Stedman and Amos Pinchot went to Washington D.C. to meet with Postmaster Albert Sidney Burleson to discuss the matter. Despite their pleas they were unable to persuade Burleson to remove the ban on what he considered subversive literature. Darrow opposed Hillquit's run for mayor of New York City in 1917 because Hillquit ran as a pacifist. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-DIG-ggbain-18322