Governor Charles E. Hughes c. 1908

Charles Evans Hughes Sr. (1862 - 1948) was a lawyer and Republican politician from New York. During his career Hughes served in the following positions: Governor of New York from 1907 to 1910, United States Secretary of State from 1921 to 1925, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1910 to 1916 and Chief Justice of the United States from 1930 to 1941. Hughes ran as the Republican candidate in the 1916 U.S. Presidential election which he lost to Woodrow Wilson.

The American Civil Liberties Union did not want Clarence Darrow involved in the Scopes trial because they were afraid he would turn it into a battle against religion instead of focusing on Scopes freedom of speech and freedom to teach without censorship. But Scopes wanted Darrow. After the trial but before appeal, the ACLU hatched a plan to replace Darrow. This plan required the ACLU to turn over control of the case to a committee of well-known attorneys who would select as counsel Charles Evans Hughes. When Arthur Garfield Hays learned of this plan, he angrily rejected it. Hays believed Darrow and Malone should be credited for their work on the case; he also didn't want the conservative lawyers to take credit for the work of the liberal and radical attorneys who took the case to trial. Darrow refused to be pushed aside and he participated in the appeal.

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-22472